Cystic acne is considered by dermatologists to be one of the most serious forms of acne, and anyone who has it should always seek treatment from an acne expert.
What Causes Cystic Acne?
What causes cystic acne? Though not all of the causes of cystic acne are fully understood, we are aware that cystic acne involves a closed sac comprised of a tissue containing semi-solid substance, and a gaseous fluid inside of it. The cysts can come in a range of different sizes which reach up to about 5 millimeters and can appear on any part of the body.
Even after the cysts are gone, they can form a scar which can be a source of long-term embarrassment. Most dermatologists have categorized cystic acne as one of the most dangerous forms of acne simply because the topical medications like the Murad and proactive skin products are not able to penetrate down to its roots. Cystic acne may also take a much longer time before it completely heals.
It is strongly recommended to let dermatologists handle cystic acne treatment cases since they can provide oral medicines and prescription lotions which will work better than anything you can get over the counter.
Medications for Cystic Acne
When it comes to medications, Isotretinoin is often considered the most effective cystic acne treatment drug. It is a drug type that is capable of reducing sebum production – which has the power to dry out the acne. Isotretinoin is available in pill form, and it is the only type of prescription capable of curing acne inflammation, reducing excess oil production, and reducing the appearance of clogged pores on the skin. The usual Isotretinoin treatment will last for up to 20 weeks. You likely won’t need any other treatment form when using Isotretinoin, apart from basic hygiene upkeep.
There can be, however, several side effects. Birth defects have been associated with using the Isotretinoin drug, so medical experts won’t recommend the drug to pregnant women. Any patient, pregnant or not, who is under Isotretinoin should keep in touch with their dermatologist for frequent checkups to help monitor any additional side effects.
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Another type of drug which is commonly prescribed for cystic acne is synthetic steroids. They help reduce the production of hormones which are responsible for oil stimulation. The cystic acne experts will always recommend having the cyst drained in case the oral contraceptives don’t entirely work. This acne lancing should always be performed by professionals.
Dermatologists discourage squeezing or pricking the cystic acne since it will lead to infection which will actually make it last longer. A dermatologist should always handle any case of inflamed cysts. They will often decide to apply a diluted corticosteroid dose which will help in speeding up the healing process and reduce most of the inflammation. The procedure is usually painless, and significant results are frequently recorded within a week.
Wrapping It Up
Cystic acne is one of the most frustrating types of acne, but there are a number of great prescription medications and treatments which can help. There are also many home treatments which, while not as effective, can offer significant relief for even the most severe sufferers.