If you have had diabetes in the past, you know how severe this disease is. What if your cat has it? You will feel the pain, right? Well, the truth is that the number of cats being diagnosed with diabetes is increasing every year which can be attributed to many factors. Keeping reading this article to find out more about cats and diabetes.
Causes of Diabetes in Cats:
Diabetes in cats is either non-insulin independent diabetes or type II diabetes. In this disease, the pancreas fail to produce insulin and the ability of insulin production is reduced in the whole body. Both these factors combine to cause diabetes. With diabetes, you’ll run into urine issues and may even be wondering how to get rid of cat urine smell.
The type I diabetes is mostly produced when the cells in the pancreas which produce insulin, are destroyed. However, this disease appears rarely in cats.
Diabetes can also occur in the form of a secondary disease, like with another disease or certain drug therapy forms. For example, some endocrine diseases like acromegaly (excessive production of growth hormone in pituitary gland) or hyperadrenocorticism (excessive production of cortisol in adrenal glands) can result in diabetes. Similarly, when some drugs are used in high doses, diabetes is produced.
Signs and Symptoms:
Some common signs of diabetes in cats have been mentioned below:
Increased urination – The increased blood glucose means that glucose is produced in the urine which creates a large amount of urination. If you’re running into this problem, you may want to read about how to get cat pee out of carpet.
Increased appetite – This isn’t that much prominent but marked in some cats.
Increase in thirst – The thirst is increased to counter the water lost during production of urine.
Enlargement of Liver – This becomes clear by the examination of the vet.
Bladder infection – Diabetes can make cats prone to bacterial cystitis which can lead to bladder infections.
The diagnosis of diabetes in cats is done by high levels of glucose, known as hyperglycemia and the presence of glucose in the urine. The vet may also perform a fructosamine test on your cat. This test determines the average blood glucose level of the cat over the past week.
The diagnosis of diabetes is typically made keeping in view the cat’s physical examination finding, history and laboratory test results.
Now we come to the most important part which is the treatment. You should take the following steps to treat diabetes in your cat:
The first thing you need to do is to do home monitoring of the cat’s glucose levels. Do you have a problem with cat peeing on bed? The home testing can easily be done by the glucose monitor used by humans. In this method, a blood sample is usually taken from the cat which provides immediate reading of cat’s glucose levels.
Sometimes, the vet recommends insulin injections for the cat which are injected once or twice a day into the cats depending upon the severity of the disease. Two of the most common insulin injections are lente insulin and protamine zinc.
It is quite important that you keep a check on your diet. If you don’t, the cat will become obese which is major causes of diabetes. You should restrict the carbohydrate and fat intake of the cat.
Some cats are treated with oral medications which lower blood glucose. Make sure to frequently monitor the blood glucose of the cat when giving oral medications.
A cat is like a family member and you feel distressed when a family member is in pain. So treat your cat of diabetes; it is good for both you and your cat.